Modules

Noir's module system follows the same convention as the newer version of Rust's module system.

Purpose of Modules

Modules are used to organise files. Without modules all of your code would need to live in a single file. In Noir, the compiler foes not automatically scan all of your files to detect modules. This must be done explicitly by the developer.

Examples

Importing a module in the crate root

Filename : src/main.nr

mod foo;

fn main() {
    foo::hello_world();
}

Filename : src/foo.nr

fn from_foo() {}

In the above snippet, the crate root is the src/main.nr file. The compiler sees the module declaration mod foo which prompts it to look for a foo.nr file.

Visually this module hierarchy looks like the following :

crate
 ├── main
 │
 └── foo
      └── from_foo
      

Sub-modules

Filename : src/main.nr

mod foo;

fn main() {
    foo::from_foo();
}

Filename : src/foo.nr

mod bar;
fn from_foo() {}

Filename : src/foo/bar.nr

fn from_bar() {}

In the above snippet, we have added an extra module to the module tree; bar. bar is a submodule of foo hence we declare bar in foo.nr with mod bar. Since foo is not the crate root, the compiler looks for the file associated with the bar module in src/foo/bar.nr

Visually the module hierarchy looks as follows:

crate
 ├── main
 │
 └── foo
      ├── from_foo
      └── bar
           └── from_bar